How To Identify Type 1 And Type 2 Diabetes?

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Have you ever wonder what could be the difference between Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes? Find out more through knowing the causes, symptoms and treatments of Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes.

Type 1 Diabetes

Type 1 diabetes is far less common than type two diabetes and it will affect younger individuals. It is most found in people under the age of 40 and mostly under the age of fourteen.

There are people who have been diagnosed with it after forty but it is very rare. Diabetes is a serious issues and type one is the worst. It is associated with the lack of insulin.

It is used to be called juvenile diabetes because it was thought that only children got it. But, this is not true. Virtually, anyone can develop Type I diabetes and it has nothing to do with diet or exercise, although both can help control the symptoms.

It is a dysfunction of the pancreas where it will just stop making insulin in the amount the body needs to maintain a normal level of glucose in the blood. Many people who have type one diabetes will have symptoms of hyperglycemia.

Hyperglycemia is where your glucose is too high in the blood. Meaning your blood sugar is too high. The common symptoms of hyperglycemia or diabetes type one are frequent hunger, frequent urinating, and frequent thirst.

You will also experience blurred vision, fatigue, weight loss, your healing power will be low (it will take you a long time to heal a wound or cut), dry mouth, dry or itchy skin, and you could have impotence for males. Your immune system will become weak and you will be able to pick up infection easily.

The reason why you are always hungry is because your body can not use glucose as an energy source. It is also, why you tire out easily.

Since the body can not absorb sugar or glucose into the blood cells you will release it through frequent trips to the bathroom.

Since you make many trips a day to the bathroom, your body realizes that it is losing excess water and that’s why you will become thirsty.

When it comes to the symptoms, you may experience them all together or it may take some time for your body to go through the process. Most likely though it will be gradual.

The changes of developing type one diabetes are 3.7 to 20 per 100, 000. Over 700,000 Americans have type one diabetes, which adds up to be about ten percent of the total population that has the disorder.

It is more common to have type two diabetes. The reason why people develop the disorder is because of an autoimmune disorder.

The body will start to see it’s own tissue as a foreign object and then it destroys the body’s ability to make insulin. It has been rumored to be a cause from the mumps, rubella, measles, influenza, polio, or other viruses.

That’s why it is very common in young children because those epidemics affect younger children more often than older adults. Diabetes is also genetic. You may simply have the disorder because an immediate family member has it.

diabetes-type 1 diabetes

Causes

There are two main risk factors for developing Type I diabetes, which means your body is no longer producing any insulin and never will produce insulin on its own.

Genetics and Family History

If you have a mom, dad, sister, or brother with Type I diabetes, then you should get regularly screened for diabetes.

Make sure that your health care professional knows about your family history so that they do routine blood sugar checks.

The sooner you catch this disease, the better your prognosis is in terms of warding off other problems caused by Type I diabetes.

It’s also important to remember that just because a relative has the disease doesn’t mean you will develop it.

But, it’s always good to know your risk level so that you can take better care of yourself and be on the lookout for signs of the illness.

Pancreatic Disease, Infection or Illness

The pancreas is responsible for releasing insulin which controls blood sugar levels.

There are many different types of illnesses and diseases that can damage the pancreas, causing Type I diabetes. If you have any of these illnesses, it’s important to get regular screenings.

In these cases, there isn’t much you can do other than take care of yourself, eat right, and get regular screenings. But, you can be aware of the things that can cause pancreatic illnesses such as poor diet, cancer, and cystic fibrosis.

There is also a third risk factor and that is the presence of Type II diabetes. If you have uncontrolled Type II diabetes you could wear out your pancreas and it may stop producing insulin altogether.

This is why that diet and exercise are such important factors in treating and preventing all kinds of diabetes.

Symptoms

There are some tell-tale signs and symptoms associated with Type I diabetes. They include (in no particular order) unexplained weight loss, extreme thirst, frequent urination, hunger, fatigue, blurry vision, and wounds that won’t heal.

If you experience any of these symptoms, don’t delay your trip to the doctor to get checked out. Waiting can lead to coma and even death for those with Type I diabetes.

Diagnosis

In order to be diagnosed, you’ll receive a simple fasting blood glucose test. If your tests come up suspicious, they’ll perform more tests to determine if it’s really Type I or not. Type I is defined by the lack of production of insulin at all.

Finally, treatment of diabetes depends on the individual patient. You’ll likely be sent to a doctor called an endocrinologist who specializes in the treatment of diabetes, as well as a nutritionist, and potentially a physical therapist.

You might also want to see your eye doctor more often to help avoid problems with your eyes that can develop in people with Type I diabetes.

The treatment program will likely also include daily injections of insulin. It is absorbed into the blood stream and absorbed by the cells that need insulin and it will then control the levels of sugar in the blood.

An insulin pump may be prescribed also. Each case is different so follow your medical team’s recommendations.

Type 2 Diabetes

Type 2 diabetes is defined by the inability of the body to process glucose even though the body is still producing insulin on its own.

Type 2 diabetes is sometimes referred to as mature onset diabetes.  This diabetes is much more common than Type I.

In Type 2 diabetes, the pancreas either does not produce adequate levels of insulin or the body becomes resistant to its own insulin.

Type I diabetes, also known as adolescent diabetes, differs from Type 2 in that the body stops producing insulin altogether.  Type I diabetes is generally diagnosed in children or young adults.

Type 2 diabetes is usually diagnosed in older adults, however, it is becoming substantially more prevalent in the younger population.

With the onset of diabetes, whether it be Type I or Type 2, we lose our ability to adequately utilize sugar.

When this occurs, blood sugar levels increase due to the body’s inability to transport sugar into the cells and out of the blood stream.

Sugar is very important in that it is the basic fuel source for the cells in our bodies.  Insulin is necessary for the transport of sugar from the blood and into the cells.

Diabetes is a serious condition and can lead to many other health problems.  Some problems that diabetics commonly encounter are an increased risk for heart and circulatory problems, high blood pressure, visual problems and blindness, nerve damage, and kidney damage.

diabetes-type 2 diabetes

Causes

There are no known causes for diabetes but there are several risk factors for Type 2 diabetes that should not be ignored.

If you are obese, sedentary, Hispanic, African American, Native American, Asian, Pacific Islander or an Alaska native you’re at a higher risk of developing diabetes.

In addition, genetics play a major factor. If you have a family history of diabetes, such as a mom, dad, brother or sister, you are more likely to develop it.

People who have been diagnosed as glucose intolerant or insulin resistant also have a higher chance of developing Type 2 diabetes.

Symptoms

There are a variety of symptoms to look out for regarding diabetes. The main problem is that these symptoms, while mostly the same as for Type I diabetes, are usually mild and often go unnoticed until real damage is done.

If you have any risk factors at all, whether you notice issues or not, it’s important to be tested regularly.

Symptoms to look out for include:

* Unexplained weight loss

* Extreme thirst

* Frequent urination

* Excessive hunger

* Fatigue

* Blurry vision

* Wounds that won’t heal

* Nerve pain or tingly feet

If you experience any of these symptoms, don’t delay your trip to the doctor to get checked out.

Diagnosis

If you’re over the age of 45, you’re more likely to develop Type II diabetes if you have any of the other risk factors.

But even if you don’t, be sure to start getting tested for diabetes every year at your regular doctor’s office. It’s a simple test and one you’ll be glad you got.

All you need to do is do a fasting blood glucose test. No eating for eight hours before the blood test, and you’re good to go.

If your blood sugar shows a problem, you may need to do other tests but nothing too invasive to determine if you have Type II diabetes.

With the diagnosis of diabetes, it becomes extremely important that blood sugar fluctuations are tightly controlled.  With good control of blood sugar levels and the prevention of prolonged periods of elevated blood sugar, people with diabetes can live long and healthy lives.

Fortunately for the newly diagnosed diabetic, there are more and more tools available to help monitor and control the condition.

Glucose meters are becoming smaller and easier to use.  Blood samples necessary for glucose meter use are much smaller than in the past.

Painful finger pricks can now be avoided with blood samples being able to be taken from alternate, less sensitive areas, such as the forearm.

In the relatively near future, there will be non-invasive glucose monitoring devices not requiring a sample of blood at all.

A simple blood test, known as the A1c test, can measure the average blood glucose levels over the previous three months.

This test is a very good way to monitor and critique how effective current treatments, diet, medications have been recently.  This test is now available for home use and as such does not even require a visit to the doctor.

Treatment

Each patient is different so it’s hard to say what your treatment regimen will be. But, it will include lifestyle changes as well as potential medication. The best thing you can do is listen to your doctor.

Unlike Type I diabetes, with Type II you have the opportunity to do a complete change of lifestyle, changing your diet drastically as well as your exercise regimen to potentially reverse the disease.

Type 2 diabetics have more options available to them for blood sugar control than do Type I diabetics.

Not only are there oral medications, often eliminating the need for insulin injection treatment, but other methods that may eliminate the need for medications altogether.

Type 2 diabetics should look to multiple sources of information in order to determine the best methods available to deal with their condition.

A good start is a physician specializing in the treatment of diabetes.  Most physician specialists will have nutritional counseling available to help understand the relationship of various food items with blood sugar levels.

Seek the help of your health care provider to go the lifestyle route over the mediation route and you won’t be sorry.

Type II diabetes is treatable and with the help of the right diet along with a healthy amount of exercise, you can reverse your disease – possibly becoming healthier than before.

 


POINTS TO REMEMBER

Type 1 Diabetes

It is a dysfunction of the pancreas where it will just stop making insulin in the amount the body needs to maintain a normal level of glucose in the blood.

Causes:

  • Genetics and family history
  • Pancreatic disease, infection or illness
  • Symptoms are similar to hyperglycemia
  • Diagnosis
  • Fasting Blood Glucose Test
  • Treatment depend on the individual patient
  • It might include injection of insulin

Type 2 Diabetes

  • The pancreas either does not produce adequate levels of insulin or the body becomes resistant to its own insulin.
  • There are no known causes for diabetes but there are several risk factors The symptoms are mostly the same for Type 1 diabetes.
  • With the diagnosis of diabetes, it becomes extremely important that blood sugar fluctuations are tightly controlled.
  • A simple blood test, known as the A1c test, can measure the average blood glucose levels over the previous three months.
  • Treatment depend on each patient but have the opportunity to do a complete lifestyle change or change diet and exercise regimen.

TAKEAWAY QUESTIONS

– Are you familiar already on the difference between Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes?

– Are you aware of the symptoms of Type 1 or Type 2 diabetes to avoid them?

– Are you aware of the symptoms of Type 1 or Type 2 diabetes to remind or warn your family and friends about their lifestyle?


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